Do you know how your tyres are designed? Have you ever thought about the many layers to your tyres?
What about maintaining your tyres? Learn everything that you need to know in our guide to your car’s tyres.

These may have been questions that have never crossed your mind but you would be surprised to know that the quality of your tyres not only affect the safety of your vehicle but also aids in fuel economy.

Tyre Design 

Alot of people may think that tyres are an inflatable tube, much like a bike tyre. This is not the case at all. Car tyres have many components to make them durable, safe and economical. This video below explains in detail about the composition of a typical tyre.

vvgarage video on tyres

Tyre Pressure 

Are your tyres at the correct Psi?
Overinflated or underinflated tyres cause uneven tread wear around the circumference of the tyre, making it dangerous to drive in wet conditions and can increase braking distances.
You can find your tyres recommended Psi in the tyre placard, which is usually located in the glove box.

Worn Tyres

Tyre wear can occur from regular use of tyres. However, the psi of your tyres can affect how quickly they wear down. If they over-inflated it can cause a bulge in the centre tread, causing it to be overexposed to the road and wear down quicker. Likewise if your tyres are under-inflated, it cause the sidewall to make more contact with the road, leading to the outer edge to wear down quicker.

taking the wheels off

Damaged Tyres

There are several ways in which your tyres can become damaged.
  • Side wall damage 
    Usually caused by potholes or hitting curbs and causes internal damage to the tyre that cannot be repaired.
  • Punctures 
    This usually is caused by metal objects on the road. If the puncture is in the side wall of the tyre, it cannot be repaired. If the puncture is in the centre of the tread it can be repaired with a simple puncture repair kit at the workshop.
  • Tread separation 
    Occurs when the tread seperates from the steel belts within the tyre. Can show as a bump, shaking in the steering wheel or a thud when driving.

Bald Tyres

Tyres are the only thing connecting your vehicle to the road!
Tyres gradually wear down as a result of normal driving & happen faster during extreme acceleration, cornering and braking, or when tyre inflation pressures are incorrect.
Low tread is particularly dangerous when driving on wet roads when surface water is unable to be channelled through the tread grooves, lifting the tyre of the road. Low tread depth also significantly
 increases braking distances.

Aged Tyres

tyre cracks

Aged tyres show up in the form of cracked tyres. Cracks appear when the sun wears down the intergrity of the rubber. Tyres contain a waxy substance the release and condition the rubber of the tyres but this only happens when the vehicle is driven. If your car doesnt get driven often, this can lead to your tyres drying out – or aging.

When we say your tyres are cracked, this is one of the ways this can present itself.

Note all the little cracks throughout the surface of the tyres? This may seem like nothing but this affects the intergrity of your tyres and ultimately your safety.

Do you know that you should replace your tyres every 5 years!
You can check what date your tyres were made by the four- digit date stamp (week & year) is placed on the tyre sidewall.
Keep an eye out for signs that you tyres need replacing and dont delay in doing so.